CONTACT OFFICES IN MATTERS RELATED TO THE RIGHT TO RESIDENCE The provisions of the right of residence are of great importance if you plan to live in Germany or if you already reside in the country. The general conditions of your stay in Germany will depend on whether you arrive as an immigrant of repatriated German origin, if you are a citizen of a Member State of the European Union, of the European Economic Area or if you come from a country outside the European Union.
CONTACT OFFICES FOR CAREERS OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, THE EUROPEAN AND SWITZERLAND ECONOMIC AREA If you want to reside in Germany permanently as a citizen of the European Union or the EEA, you can rely on your right to free movement. This also applies to members of your family. If they have another nationality. Once you have entered Germany you must register, as do the German citizens, in the census office. If a member of your family has a different nationality than the ones mentioned above, you will receive a residence card from the foreigners' office.
As a citizen of Switzerland you also claim the right of free movement in Germany under the agreement on the free movement of persons signed by Switzerland and the European Union. As proof of your right of residence, the foreigners' office will issue you a permit home.
Citizens of the European Union registered in Germany, who have lived in the country for at least three months and have reached the age of 18. They can participate in the municipal elections.
CONTACT OFFICE FOR PEOPLE WHO DO NOT COME FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION OR EEA. Citizens of States that do not belong to the European Union or the EEA or Switzerland must go to the foreigners' office of their city or municipality for all matters relating to the right of residence. This office is competent for all matters relating to the right of residence. Including authorization for the exercise of a professional activity on their own and granting the temporary residence permit, the EU Blue card and the EU long-term residence permit. If you do not know which is the competent foreign office, you can consult it in the administrations or boards of your city, municipality or district.
CONTACT OFFICE FOR IMMIGRANTS OF REPATRIATED GERMAN ORIGIN As an immigrant of repatriated German origin, or as a family member, you can address the administration of the city, municipality or district of your place of residence for matters related to nationality. There you will also receive help in other matters related to administrative procedures.
Information about the right of residency
If you are a citizen of a Member State of the European Union or of Switzerland and wish to stay for a long time in Germany, then you need to obtain a permit, called the title of residence. In addition to the visa required to enter and subsequently remain in Germany, there are four residence certificates for long-term residence in German territory.
temporary residence permit permanent residence permit EU long-term residence permit EU Blue Card The temporary residence permit: is valid for a specific time and is linked to a specific purpose of the stay, is granted to people:
who want to do professional training in Germany who wish to work in Germany who are authorized to remain in Germany for reasons of international law, humanitarian or political arriving in Germany for family reasons that are foreigners and former German citizens who want to return to Germany who are holders of the right of permanent residence in another Member State of the European Union. The temporary residence permit can be extended if the conditions that led to its issuance continue to exist. In this regard, it will also be taken into consideration if the person participated properly in the integration course. The holders of a EU Blue Card, of a residence title for research purposes and those people who obviously have a low integration need, will not be required to pass an integration course.
It is important to know, as a general rule, a foreigner from a third State can only work in Germany if this is expressly indicated in the residence permit. The citizens of the European Union are sheltered, in general terms, by the free movement of people. You can obtain more information at the foreigners office of your home.
Permanent residency permission
The permanent residence permit is granted for an indefinite period of time and authorizes work in Germany. As a general rule, to obtain a permanent residence permit you must have a temporary residence permit for five years and comply with other requirements. Anyone who wants to apply for a permanent residence permit must, for example, be able to ensure their livelihood and that of their family on their own, have sufficient knowledge of German and have no criminal record. In certain circumstances, it is possible to grant the permanent residence permit without meeting the minimum period or after a shorter period, such as, for example, highly qualified immigrants. Holders of the EU Blue Card can apply for a permanent residence permit when they have completed around two years as long as they have sufficient knowledge of German.
THE EU LONG TERM RESIDENCY PERMIT The EU long-term residence permit is also a residence permit for an indefinite period of time that authorizes you to carry out a professional activity on your own. The conditions for its granting are very similar to those of permanent residence permit. The EU long-term residence permit also grants the right to move freely within the European Union, since it allows obtaining a temporary residence title in other Member States.
Important information: You can show that you have the minimum knowledge of German required to obtain a permanent and long-term EU residence permit if you pass, for example, an integration course. You can get more informationwww.bmi.bund.de
Blue card UE
The title of residence Blue Card EU is addressed to citizens of States not members of the European Union that want to come to Germany with the objective of occupying a highly qualified job that already reside in the country by virtue of another title of residence for example with status of studies or who want to enter the country with an EU Blue Card from another EU Member State.
Requirements: You can obtain a EU Blue Card if you meet the following requirements:
shows that you have obtained a university degree, if your university degree has not been obtained in Germany you must be recognized in the country or be equivalent to a German degree. Have a work contract or a job offer linked to a certain annual gross minimum wage. The minimum wage required is lower in the case of professions in which there are staff shortages, such as graduates in science, mathematics, engineers, doctors and specialists in information and computer technologies. In these cases, the minimum wage required is around of 38 thousand Euros. However, normally the Federal Employment Agency must check in each case if the working conditions are comparable to those of local workers. The approval of the Federal Employment Agency is not necessary, for example, if you have obtained your university degree in Germany. Competent offices:
If you already reside in Germany with another residence title, you will obtain the EU Blue Card at the competent foreign office at your place of residence If you are not yet living in the EU, you must first apply for a national visa at the competent German consular office. You must make sure to enter the country with the visa that corresponds to the real purpose of your stay, that is, the exercise of a professional activity. Apply for the EU Blue Card, as soon as you arrive in Germany and before the visa expires at the competent foreign office in your place of residence. If you are a citizen of Australia, Israel, Japan, Canada, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand or the USA, you can travel to Germany without a visa. However, you must apply for the EU Blue Card at the competent foreign office of your address within the country. within three months of its entry. If you are the holder of an EU card from another EU Member State for at least 18 months, you can also obtain an EU Blue Card in Germany, for them, deliver the request for one month from your entry into the Federal Republic from Germany to the competent foreign office in their place of domicile. VALIDITY The EU Blue card is a residence certificate that is granted for a limited time and is valid for up to four years, if the employment contract establishes a duration for an equal or longer period, it is possible to obtain a renewal. If the duration of the work contract is less than four years, the EU Blue card is granted the validity of the contract plus three additional months. In the first two years, you can only change your job if you obtain a written authorization from the competent foreign office and, if necessary, from the Federal Employment Agency.
ADVANTAGES OF THE EU BLUE CARD
As the holder of a blue card in Germany, you can obtain a residence certificate for an indefinite period, for which it is necessary that you have exercised a highly qualified work activity for 33 months and that the contributions of a pension plan have been paid. You can also obtain them after 21 months, if you prove that you have the knowledge of German corresponding to level B1 If you have a Blue card for at least 15 months you can travel without a visa to another member state of the European Union in order to exercise a highly qualified work activity, and request there the Blue Card of the corresponding country within a period of one year. month since your arrival. The same applies to the arrival of their relatives. Members of your family have the right to be granted a temporary residence permit, without the need to have knowledge of German before your arrival. The spouses immediately obtain a full authorization to exercise a professional activity. Additionally, as a holder of a EU Blue Card, you can stay abroad for up to twelve consecutive months without losing your resident title. This is also valid for the members of your family.
If you live in Germany you can permanently obtain German citizenship if you meet certain requirements. For them you must submit an application. From 16 years of age, this request can be presented by the same interested person. In the case of children and young people under 16, the application must be submitted by their parents.
The federated states are competent for naturalization applications. You can get the application forms at the offices of the naturalization agencies. The administrative authorities of your city, municipality or district. Foreign offices, immigration counseling organizations for adult immigrants or assistance services for immigrant youth can provide information about the competent office to apply for naturalization. Before submitting the application, it is useful to go to an interview with the authority in charge of clarifying many personal doubts.
Costs The naturalization has a cost of 260 Euros per person. For minors who apply for citizenship with their parents they must pay 55. In the case of minors who apply for citizenship without their parents, the rate is 255. It is possible to reduce the fee or agree on payment in installments if their income they are low or if several children are going to be naturalized at the same time.
You will have the right to obtain German nationality if you meet the following requirements: right of permanent residence at the time of naturalization approval of citizenship test eight years of habitual residence and legitimacy in Germany ability to guarantee their subsistence on their own and that of their family members have enough knowledge of the German language have not been convicted of any crime be committed to the regime of freedoms and democracy of the Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany in general, having lost the previous nationality or having renounced it
In principle if you do not meet any of the requirements you will not be entitled to German nationality, however, the competent authority may approve the naturalization if there is a public interest in which your naturalization occurs and at least some of the minimum requirements have been met important mentioned.
REGULATIONS REGARDING CHILDREN Children born in Germany automatically acquire the nationality of Germany, as long as the father or mother, or both parents have German nationality. The children of foreigners who are born in Germany acquire German nationality if at least one of the parents has his habitual residence regulated in Germany for eight years at the time of his birth and is the holder of the right of permanent residence. However, upon reaching the age of 21 they are obliged to choose between German nationality and that of their parents. Provided that the other nationality is not that of another Member State of the European Union or of Switzerland and has not grown in Germany.
CITIZENSHIP TEST If you wish to apply for German citizenship you must prove your knowledge about Germany in a test. The citizenship test consists of 33 questions. To pass the test it is necessary to answer correctly to 17 questions, at least 30 questions belong to the thematic areas "life in democracy" "history and responsibilities" and "man and society" the three remaining questions are about the state in that you live
It is important to know that the test will not be required if you have a German school title or if you can not meet the requirements because of a physical, mental or mental illness, a disability or due to age.
Find a sample test and all questions of the citizenship test on the website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees www.bamf.de/einbuergerung
It is good to know that the online test of the federal migration and refugee office is free, but many private Internet pages also offer preparation for the citizenship test. The indication about costs is often hidden in the small print on the margin or at the end of the page. Therefore, always read carefully the general conditions of contracting of the offeror
ENTER IN GERMANY Demands on immigration matters. Application process About the regulation of conyge
LEARN GERMAN Integration Course German course Orientation Course Integration Certificate German for professional purposes
INFORMATION AND ORIENTATION Advice for adults Advice for immigrant youth Special programs and individualized advice Attention to the citizen, federal immigration office Internet as a source of information
RESIDENCE AND NATURALIZATION Office for people belonging to the European Union Office for people not coming from the European Union Repatriated Germans Right of residence Types of residence Naturalization
WORK AND PROFESSION Homologation of titles Professional orientation, employment placement Job application Continuing professional training Creation of a company and work on its own.
Housing LIVING PLACE Housing search Housing Office Moving process State aid social housing Rentals and lease law
CHILDREN AND FAMILY Pregnancy and protection of motherhood Parental permission Parental benefit Subsidy for childcare Family benefit for dependent child Options for child care Dispute and crisis family violence
HEALTH AND PRECAUTION Care in case of illness or accident Care in your mother tongue Medical secret Preventive medical exams and vaccines Health prevention and childhood vaccination Sexually transmitted diseases assistance Assistance in case of addictions and drug use Assistance for disabled people
INSURANCE AND BANKS Financial transactions credits Mandatory social security Pension insurance Health insurance Dependency insurance Accident insurance Unemployment insurance Insurance for people and goods