Living in germany
School, professional training and University Studiess
School, professional training and University Studiess
All children living in Germany must go to school. The obligation of schooling begins, as a general rule, in the autumn of the year in which the child reaches six years of age. It extends until the end of the school year in which the young person turns 18. The obligation of schooling is regulated differently in each federated state. There is also the possibility of schooling during a school year.
Public schools are free. There are also private schools in Germany. The latter require parents, generally, to pay a tuition fee.
The minimum age at which a child can or should go to school varies according to the federated state, be informed in the education offices of your municipality or your city and in assistance services for immigrants on the regulations in force in your federated state .
TYPES OF SCHOOLS
In Germany the federated states assume the competences in terms of school education. Each federated state has particularities, especially regarding the denomination of the types of secondary schools, which may be different in some of them. However, the formative path of children and young people is similar in all federal states.
On the website www.wir-sind-bund.de, section Eltern, you will find introductory information in various languages about the education system, the types of schools and the school titles.
ELEMENTARY ELEMENTARY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL
First of all, all the children attend primary school (Grundschule) for four years. Here the place of residence is taken into account, it is deir, as a rule, children go to the primary school near their home, in some federal states parents can choose the primary school for their children
In the last year of elementary school it is decided which secondary school the children will go to later. In this regard, the teachers of the primary school issue a recommendation, which must be linked to the parents receiving guidance. In most federal states, parents can decide which high school their children will go to after finishing primary school. For the recommendation, the grades of the primary school and the assessment of the individual conditions of the children by the teachers are taken into account.
SECONDARY SCHOOLS (FIRST AND SECOND LEVEL OF SECONDARY EDUCATION)
In some federated states the child may attend a test class in the secondary school. You will find a summary of the specific regulations on the website of the confederation of educational ministries www.kmk.org
The school system is very diverse in the first and second level of secondary education. Parents should reflect carefully together with the student and teachers on the school the child will attend. The educational authorities offer information in this regard.
There are the following types of high schools.
Basic general secondary education institute (Hauptschule, up to 9 or 10th grade)
middle general secondary education institute (realschule, up to 10th grade)
teaching institute with several training itineraries, to which it is possible to obtain the general education school titles of the first and middle levels.
Institute of general secondary education or gymnasium up to 12 or 13 degree
institute of polyvalent secondary education, gesamtschule, with or without upper secondary education courses, there it is possible to obtain all school titles
In several federated states there are types of secondary school in which the training itineraries of the Hauptschule and the Realschule are grouped from the organizational point of view, in these schools it is possible to obtain both the general education school title of the first level and the middle level .
In the State of Baden Wurttemberg is the Werkrealschule.
The obligation of schooling also applies to children with disabilities with special educational needs. The school decides on a possible special educational need after following a pertinent procedure. This must be requested by the parents or the school. Depending on the result, the child can then continue to attend a general education school or be referred to a special school, in some states are also called special schools, special education centers or schools for the disabled.
Once obtained the general education school title of the first level or the average level. Young people can attend or a second level school of secondary education until obtaining the general access school title or Abitur, baccalaureate degree, or specialized Fachabitur, technical baccalaureate, university studies or higher education centers, or start a professional training by visiting a school of professional training. With the middle school general education degree, you can choose between more professional fields than with a hauptschule school degree. The training in the Gymansium or in the upper secondary education courses ends after the 12th or 13th year with the school title of general access to university education, after which the right to attend universities and education centers is obtained. higher. The fachabitur enables to study in universities of applied sciences in higher education centers. In some federal states, after the middle school general education degree, it is also possible to obtain the general access to higher education school title in a vocational school.
In principle, during the school stage it is allowed to change between one type of school and another, if the required school performance has been obtained.
Special educational support programs
For children and young people who have grown up with a mother tongue other than German, various forms of support for language learning are offered in kindergartens and schools. Both in Germany and also, in part, in the mother tongue. In all the federated states tests of language in the kindergarten are carried out or before the schooling, to determine the individual needs of support of the children. From there, and depending on each federal state, different forms of aid are derived.
Children and young people who come to Germany during their school years need special assistance. For them, support or language learning classes are offered, in which they are assisted by specially qualified teachers, before switching to regular classes. School authorities can inform you about the possibilities for your child.
To ensure educational success it is important that infants speak the German language well, therefore it is to take advantage of the possibilities offered by the language learning support programs. If you want to help your child it is important to be well informed about the German educational system and about the possibilities offered in your city. It is important to keep informed about the daily school activities and the educational progress of your child, for this the schools offer meetings with parents or private meetings between parents or teachers.
You can get more information online:
LIVING IN GERMANY
ENTER IN GERMANY
Demands on immigration matters.
About the regulation of conyge
German for professional purposes
INFORMATION AND ORIENTATION
Advice for adults
Advice for immigrant youth
Special programs and individualized advice
Attention to the citizen, federal immigration office
Internet as a source of information
RESIDENCE AND NATURALIZATION
Office for people belonging to the European Union
Office for people not coming from the European Union
Right of residence
Types of residence
WORK AND PROFESSION
Homologation of titles
Professional orientation, employment placement
Continuing professional training
Creation of a company and work on its own.
Housing LIVING PLACE
State aid social housing
Rentals and lease law
CHILDREN AND FAMILY
Pregnancy and protection of motherhood
Subsidy for childcare
Family benefit for dependent child
Options for child care
Dispute and crisis family violence
SCHOOL, PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION AND UNIVERSITY STUDIES
Types of School
Special educational support program
Requirements to access university studies
HEALTH AND PRECAUTION
Care in case of illness or accident
Care in your mother tongue
Preventive medical exams and vaccines
Health prevention and childhood vaccination
Sexually transmitted diseases assistance
Assistance in case of addictions and drug use
Assistance for disabled people
INSURANCE AND BANKS
Mandatory social security
Insurance for people and goods